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directional terms

The following anatomical directional terms are commonly used in neurology to navigate through the brain:  
Anatomical directional terms
Direction Description
Ventral (Inferior) Towards the front (belly) of the body or towards the bottom of the head
Dorsal (Superior) Towards the back of the body, or towards the top of the head
Rostral (Anterior)  Towards the nose
Caudal (Posterior) Towards the feet (humans) or tail
Lateral Away from the midline
Medial Towards the midline
Bilateral On both sides of the body or head
Ipsilateral On the same side of the body or head
Unilateral On one side of the body
Contralateral On the opposite side of the body or head
Coronal plane A section or slice through the brain from the top and parallel to a line between the ears
Horizontal plane A section or slice through the brain from the back and parallel to a line between the eyes
Sagittal plane A section or slice through the brain from the top and parallel to the line of the nose
Midsagittal plane The sagittal plane that runs along the midline of the brain and divides the brain into two equal halves

Directional Terms links:
Neuroscience for Kids - Directions/Planes
Coronal and Horizontal Sections


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